Ref Number: 84
Ref Number: 84
The initiation of railway infrastructure development in present-day Bulgarian territories commenced on May 21, 1864, through the establishment of an English business specifically created by the brothers Henry and Trevor Berkeley for this endeavour. The railway project in question is the second installment out of a series of three initiatives undertaken by English businesses inside the lower sections of the Danube region subsequent to the conclusion of the Crimean War.
The initial construction links Cherna Voda, situated on the Danube River, to Constanta, located on the Black Sea, and was successfully finalised in the year 1860. The Ruse-Varna line serves as a secondary link connecting two rivers, with the objective of encompassing the fertile grain-producing areas within the Ruse-Shoumen-Varna-Silistra border quadrangle. The completion of the Bucharest-Giurgiu railway line in 1869 marked the establishment of the third railway route in the region.
Rousse and Varna serve as significant hubs for commerce and culture, strategically situated in close proximity to vital maritime and river routes. The establishment of a railway station in the city of Varna dates back to October 26, 1866, coinciding with the inauguration of the Varna-Rousse railway line. The preservation of the old edifice has resulted in its relative obscurity among the general populace. The present railway station originates from the early 20th century, characterised by its refined architectural design and notable inclusion of a clock tower.
Varna has been established as one of the ultimate port destinations along the Black Sea by the Orient Express since its establishment in 1883.
The Orient-Express was conceptualised and brought to fruition by Georges Nagelmackers, a prominent Belgian entrepreneur, and commenced its maiden voyage in the year 1883. On its inaugural voyage, the passengers embarked on a train excursion from Paris to the Bulgarian port of Varna, followed by a steamer voyage over the Black Sea to Constantinople.