Ref Number: 130
Ref Number: 130
Lake Varna is the most voluminous and deepest liman or lake on the Bulgarian Black Sea Coast. It is separated from the sea by a 2 km-wide strip of sand and has an area of 19 km², a maximum depth of 19 m, and a volume of 166 million m³.
The lake possesses an extended configuration, with its southern borders characterised by elevated, precipitous terrain covered with vegetation, while the northern coasts exhibit a gentle slope. Lake Varna originated in a fluvial valley due to the elevation of sea level during the late Pleistocene period. The lowest portion of the area is coated with a dense layer of sediment composed of slime and mud containing hydrogen sulphide. In the deepest sections, there are significant accumulations of therapeutic fango, which is a type of mineral mud. Several rivers, including as Devnya and Provadiyska, flow into Lake Beloslav, located in close proximity to its western shoreline. Lake Beloslav is connected to Lake Varna.
Prior to the 20th century, the lake’s freshwater flowed into the Black Sea via the Devnya River. However, after the construction of the Port of Varna East and the subsequent diversion of the river, a canal was excavated between 1906 and 1909 in the sandy area separating the sea and the lake. This caused the lake’s water level to decrease by 1.40 m and allowed saltwater from the sea to enter the lake, resulting in its brackish condition.
The Varna Necropolis, the site where the world’s oldest gold hoard was discovered, is situated on the northern shore, while the city of Varna is located at the eastern end of the lake. Furthermore, situated on the northern coast are the settlements of Kazashko and Ezerovo, while the villages of Zvezditsa and Konstantinovo provide a scenic view of the lake from the elevated southern areas.
We have put together a staff of first-rate, well-informed tour guides to help you discover the city.